Melasma, also known as chloasma, is a very common skin condition in the United States. There are approximately six million people in the US who are suffering from this skin condition. The condition is characterized by the appearance of tan, patchy, brown or blue-gray discolorations on the face. Out of that number, 90% of them are women. Therefore, it is more prevalent in women than it is in men.
The condition is caused by a number of factors although dermatologists cite exposure to the sun as the primary reason for this condition. Estrogen supplements and birth control pills are also common triggers of Melasma as they cause hormonal changes in the body. These hormonal changes make your skin more prone to pigmentation when you expose it to UV rays. The condition is most common among pregnant women although the exact causal relationship between melasma and pregnancy is yet to be established.
Dark skinned women and young women who have an olive skin tone are usually the most affected. Most of these women are either Hispanics, Asians or Middle Eastern. Also, f you have a history of the disease in your family, then you are likely to develop the condition as well since you are genetically predisposed. Although this condition does not result in any form of physical discomfort or pain, it can lead to stress.
If you are among those suffering from this condition, there is good news for you. This skin condition is that it can be treated, or at least minimized. Chemical peel, dermabrasion, and microdermabrasion are among the available treatments for this condition. However, these treatments are suited for specific skin types and are not always effective. You may also consider lightening products such as Hydroquinone 4% that has long term side effects and hence can only be used for a short period of time.
Other than by use of cosmetic products, there are certain procedures that can be carried out by your dermatologist to help get rid of the discolorations on your face. This is made possible by advances in technology. In 2013, the FDA approved the use of the Fraxel laser that many dermatologists use in the United States to treat melasma.
There are very many ways to prevent melasma. One of the recommended ways to shield yourself from exposure to the sun. This can be done by staying indoors or under shaded areas when outdoor. Using sunscreen and wearing sunglasses and wide-brimmed hats can also help prevent the occurrence of melasma.
Melasma is a stressful condition that is especially difficult to treat in countries such as Singapore where the sun is out all year round. Nevertheless, you can still get melasma treatment in Singapore so you need not worry. One example of such a treatment is the customized skin care solutions provided by a Japanese pigmentation specialist centre known as Shakura, which resides in Singapore.
There is no actual cure, but prevention can go a long way to reducing the severity of the condition.